What we now know as the domain name system, or DNS, basically has it’s birth way back during the earliest days of the internet. When the baby internet was growing up in the 1970s, new organizations came online and email was created and being used. It became problematic for computer entities to locate each other, and the need to network was there. It was during 1972 that the internet assigned numbers authority came to be. This entity was the creation of the U.S. Department of Defense. Every computer in their network was assigned it’s own number. Then during 1973, TCP/IP technology was chosen as the way to locate and connect to computers.
During 1984 it was the University of Wisconsin that created the first name server, and that server translated domain names to their respective numbers. 1985 brought the .com, .net, and .org to us, and top level domain names. The first domain name ever was Symbolics dot com. That really is how one would say the internet as we know it, was alive.
It did not take long for the business community to pick up on the internet for commercial use. What we know as the world wide web, was unleashed back in 1991, and then the first domain name provider sprung on to the scene to run the registrations and to run the name servers. The capacity for domains was released. Organizations, government agencies, education entities, companies, all became involved and participated in adopting domain names and domain registrations. It was during the 1990s that the U.S. Commerce Department began the process of having these activities made privatized.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers took form, and this was an awesome development which led to major decreases in the cost associated with owning domain names. These days, buying, registering, and owning a domain, is easier than ever.
By calendar year 2010, more than one hundred and ninety six million domain names had been registered. Even though the internet was a very English language entity at it’s inception, as time goes by, more and more languages are being able to be used when creating domain names. Chinese and Arabic have come a long way, and domaining really is an international phenomenon now. There is a slow but steady increase in the amount of top level domains available, and with the never ending population explosions worldwide, and an increase in domain name demand, we can expect to see never ending changes going forward.
The internet, and domain names, will become a more common and normal part of everyday life for all people world wide in the coming decades. We look forward to the exciting future.